Repository Dictated Configuration — Part 3 of 3: Global Ignores

Global Ignores

Welcome to the last topic in my three part series on repository dictated configuration (RDC).  In part 2 we talked about the new svn:auto-props property.  Today we’ll discuss the other new inherited property that involves RDC, svn:global-ignores.

Ignoring Unversioned Items Before 1.8

Once again, this is just a quick refresher, if none of this sounds familiar, then give this section of the Version Control with Subversion book a quick read.

Up until 1.7 there were two ways to prevent the svn add and import subcommands from adding certain items we didn’t want to place under version control (as well as making svn status ignore such unversioned items).  Both of these methods still exist in 1.8:

First, is the global-ignores runtime configuration option:

### Set global-ignores to a set of whitespace-delimited globs
### which Subversion will ignore in its 'status' output, and
### while importing or adding files and directories.
### '*' matches leading dots, e.g. '*.rej' matches '.foo.rej'.
global-ignores = *.o *.lo *.la *.al .libs *.so *.so.[0-9]* *.a *.pyc *.pyo __pycache__ *.rej *~ #*# .#* .*.swp .DS_Store

Second is the svn:ignore versioned property.  This property, which can be set on any directory, has a value which is expected to be a newline-delimited list of file patterns that Subversion should ignore.  These patterns are appended to any ignore patterns defined in the runtime configuration.

The svn:global-ignores Property

In Subversion 1.8, these existing ignore mechanisms are joined by the svn:global-ignores property.  This new property is essentially a more powerful version of the svn:ignore property.  Like the earlier property, svn:global-ignores can only be set on a directory and should have as a value a set of newline delimited file patterns 1.  These patterns are appended to any patterns defined in the global-ignores runtime configuration option together with any applicable svn:ignore defined patterns, to determine ignorable items. Unlike svn:ignore however, the svn:global-ignores property is inheritable and applies to all paths under the directory on which the property is set 2, not just the immediate children of the directory.

The following short example demonstrates how this new property works.

The svn:global-ignores patterns are themselves ignored (as are the runtime config global-ignores and the svn:ignore property) when the --no-ignore option is used.  So to see all unversioned items in our working copy, we pass that option to the status subcommand:

1.8.0>svn st --no-ignore
?       calc\trunk\doc\README.foo
I       calc\trunk\file.bar
I       calc\trunk\file.baz
I       calc\trunk\file.foo
I       calc\trunk\file.qux

Here we see that four files are being ignored, while one (README.foo) is unversioned by doesn’t match any ignore patterns.  First, let’s look at the svn:ignore property on calc/trunk:

1.8.0>svn pg svn:ignore -vR
Properties on 'calc\trunk':
  svn:ignore
    *.foo
    *.moo

That accounts for file.foo.  Then we check our runtime configuration and find this snippet:

### Set global-ignores to a set of whitespace-delimited globs
### which Subversion will ignore in its 'status' output, and
### while importing or adding files and directories.
### '*' matches leading dots, e.g. '*.rej' matches '.foo.rej'.
global-ignores = *.qux

That accounts for file.qux.  But what about file.bar and file.baz?  There can be only one option left, the new svn:global-ignores property.  Sure enough, on the root of the repository we find that property, with patterns that account for the remaining two ignored files:

1.8.0>svn pg svn:global-ignores -v --show-inherited-props calc\trunk
Inherited properties on 'calc\trunk',
from '.':
  svn:global-ignores
    *.bar
    *.baz

Final Thoughts

As we discussed in part 2 regarding svn:auto-props, svn:global-ignores should be set as high up the repository tree as is feasible.  And it deserves mention one final time: Be sure you understand the limitations of inherited properties discussed in part 1 — and thus the limitations of RDC via svn:auto-props and svn:global-ignores.

Notes:

  1. It was intended that the ignore patterns in the svn:global-ignores property could be delimited with any whitespace (similar to the global-ignores runtime configuration option), not just newlines (as with the svn:ignore property), but there is a bug in 1.8.0 and only newline separated patterns work.
  2. The caveats I mentioned about inherited properties in part 1 still apply of course!
Paul Burba
About

Paul is a committer on the Apache Software Foundation's Subversion project and has worked on Subversion for the past nine years. He works as a software engineer for Collabnet from his home in New Hampshire and when not coding he can usually be found skiing with his nephews, mountain biking with friends, or traveling with his wife. Some time in the distant past Paul graduated from the University of New Hampshire with a degree in Business. Somewhat more recently he obtained a masters in computer science from Boston University.

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2 comments on “Repository Dictated Configuration — Part 3 of 3: Global Ignores
  1. mame says:

    hello!

    I need your help it’s possible…

    I have a svn repository and i don’t understand the following result when i run these commands.

    1- $ svn propset svn:ignore -R configs/ .
    property ‘svn:ignore’ set on ‘.’
    property ‘svn:ignore’ set on ‘configs’

    2- $ svn pg svn:ignore -vR
    Properties on ‘.’:
    svn:ignore
    configs/

    Properties on ‘configs’:
    svn:ignore
    configs/

  2. Paul T. Burba says:

    The format for propset is:

    propset PROPNAME PROPVAL PATH…

    So when you do this:

    svn propset svn:ignore -R configs/ .

    Subversion thinks you are trying to set the PROPNAME=’svn:ignore’ with PROPVAL=’configs/’ recursively on the PATH=’.’

    You need to specify a value for the svn:ignore property.

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